This is a continuation of a discussion that started with Tattooing in the Ancient Near East.
ERIC: Welcome I’m Eric Smith, president of Pillar Seminary. I’ve got Scott Booth with here me today. He’s our Old Testament prof and academic dean. Scott, we’ve had several people ask us about the prohibition against tattooing in Leviticus 19.
Let's have a bit of review from last time then on the the final portion of this discussion. God creates the greater light to govern the day. And he creates the lesser light govern the night. Total function statements. We're talking about the purpose that the sun and the moon have. It's normal in ancient Near Eastern creation stories for the creator deity to set up zones in the creation, whether that zone is a city, or it's farm land vs. city land. It will set up zones and then it will put lesser gods—still really important gods, but lesser gods—in charge of the individual zones. You know, so let’s make such and such a city and we'll put this deity in charge of that city.
Last time I discussed how Moses is to Yahweh what pharaoh is supposed to be to Re, the sun god. Also, Moses has the authority to command, judge, and punish pharaoh. So, let’s have an example.
I wanted to continue on from last time on Ramesses II.
So, we’re going to start plowing through this. Many think that Ramesses II was the pharaoh of the exodus. Now, Ramesses II built a lot of stuff and we’re told in chapter 1 of Exodus that the Hebrew slaves had to help with some of the building projects. The building projects of Ramesses II included a royal palace that was four square miles. It was rather large. Below is a picture of excavations of this. This was where Moses may have grown up, is in this royal residence here.